Вариант 3

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From the History of Police Forces

   Police is the agency of a community or government that is responsible for maintaining public order and preventing and detecting crime. The basic police mission — preserving order by enforcing rules of conduct or laws — was the same in ancient societies as it is in the contemporary sophisticated urban environments,

   During the Middle Ages, policing authority was the responsibility of local nobles on their individual estates. Each noble generally appointed an official, known as a constable, to carry out the law. The constable's duties included keeping the peace and arresting and guarding criminals. For many decades constables were unpaid citizens who took turns at the job, which became increasingly burdensome and unpopular. By the mid-16tu century, wealthy citizcns often resorted to paying deputies to assume their turns as constables; as this practice became widespread» the quality of the constables declined drastically.

   In 1663 the city of London began paying watchmen (generally old men who were unable to find other work) to guard the streets at night. Until the end of the 13th century, the watchmen — as inefficient as they were — along with a few constables, remained the only form of policing in the city.

   The inability of watchmen and constables to curb lawlessness, particularly in London, led to a demand for a more effective force to deal with criminals and to protect the population. After much deliberation in Parliament, the British statesman Sir Robert Peel in 1829 established the London Metropolitan Police, which became the world's first modern organised police force.

Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы: What is the basic police mission? Why did the quality of the constables in England decline? What was the form of policing London in the 17 th century? Why was there a need for a more effective force to deal with criminals in England?

Используйте прилагательные в нужной степени Apples are not so (expensive) as oranges, and they are (cheap) than pears. He is not so (bad) as you think, but, perhaps, he is (bad) than she is. My sister is (economical) than I am, but she isn't as (economical) as our mother. The river was not so (shallow) as we expected. It was one of (deep) rivers in the area. "Your mother was (intelligent) and (little) naive than you are", my grandmother used to say.

Решите примеры. Ответ запишите словами. 23 and 36 is... 2.24 times 8 is ... 3.80 minus 20 is ...

Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной временной форме. Mark (to be)keen on video games for years. He (toplay)them morning, noon and night.Yesterday he even(to cut)lessons to play games. Right now he (not to do)very well at school. Unless he (to go) toschool every day, his parents (to invite) tosee the headmaster. When I asked why she (not to want)to godowntown with me she said that the teacher (to give)them a lot of homework in maths as they (to have) another test in a few days. A bad accident (to happen)on Highway 95 lastnight. Someone (to drive)at high speed and abicyclist (to hit)at crossroads.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо. Many years ago ... famous theatre was preparing for ... first night. ... producer wanted ... play to be ... success. ... cup is dirty. Can I have ... clean one? Browns Ltd is ... large company in ... Park street. It makes ... furniture.

Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необходимо. She was rude ... me ... yesterday morning and she hasn't apologised ... me ... it yet. Youneedtoput ... something warmer than a jacket ... suchawindy day. He is married ... my sister and they have two children.

Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке. animals/same/the/as/beings/do/have/emotions/human? see/she/what/can't/1/looks/wait/to/like. time/the/is/I/heard/it/have/three/first/years/her/in/from.

Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Elmer is travelling about Europe and he is calling his mother home.


E: I've just arrived in Prague, Mum.


E: Yes, I have. I've been to Madrid and Paris.


E: I left Paris last night.


E: I am leaving for Vienna tomorrow.


E: Yes, Mum. I have very little money left. That's why I am calling.

Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скобках. How (много)_______sugar do you take in your tea? Some students came into the room with us and (другие) _______came a bit later. I didn't eat breakfast this morning, (тоже) _______did my sister. The boy has started to work (намного) _______harder recently.

Фрагмент работы:

Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скобках. How (много) much sugar do you take in your tea? Some students came into the room with us and (другие) others came a bit later. I didn't eat breakfast this morning, (тоже) neither did my sister. The boy has started to work (намного) much harder recently.

Список использованной литературы:

Большой русско-английский словарь / Под редакцией Смирницкого А.И. – М.: Русский язык, 2000. – 759с. Мюллер, В.К. Новый англо-русский словарь / В.К. Мюллер. – М.: Русский язык, 1999. – 880с. Хведченя Л.В., Хорень Р.В., Крюковская И.В. Практическая грамматика современного английского языка. – Мн.: Интерпрессервис; Книжный Дом. –

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